- Gemstone Guide
The word Ruby is christened from the Latin word rubens which means red. Rubies are found in shades of red and can range from dark red to magenta red. They also make up for the perfect gift on the 15th and 40th anniversaries. Rubies that are absolutely perfect with no flaws are very rare to find and they are priced higher than diamonds with the same weight. It is believed that rubies have a calming effect on the mind and triggers feelings of positivity and sensuality.
Sapphire is a precious stone found mainly in the colour blue but is not limited to just that; they are also found in yellow, green, white, colourless, pink, orange, brown, and purple colours. Sapphires have held importance since the 17th century wherein French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte presented his love Josephine with a sapphire engagement ring. These gemstones are also said to have healing powers that align the mental and spiritual emotions bringing in a calming effect to the body.
Turquoise is a gemstone that comes into being when water that contains copper, aluminium and other minerals percolates through rocks. The colour of this gemstone can range from a dark blue shade to an exclusive unique blue green shade. It makes up for the ultimate gift on the 11th anniversary of marriage. In ancient times, Persians believed that turquoise mirrored the heavens due to the striking “blue” colour and began using it in places of worship. It is believed that turquoise (the holy stone) has the power to keep all negative energies at bay.
Diamond is a precious stone that is a colourless crystalline form of pure carbon. They are formed around 100 miles below the ground and get transported to the surface of earth by deep volcanic eruptions. It was a belief in the ancient past that diamonds were the tears that were shed by gods and cupid too had its arrow’s tipped with them! Normally diamonds are colourless but in the rarest forms can also be found in the colours of red and blue. In 2004, a planet that orbits a nearby star in the milky way was discovered which is composed mostly of carbon and is 1/3rd pure diamond and is named as “55 Cancri e” .
Emeralds are one of the most famous gemstones on the world. There are four major factors that determine the value of an emerald – Colour, cut, clarity and carat. The main criteria being its colour! The preeminent colour of an emerald is a brilliant green or green with a tinge of blue in it to give it a unique blend. These gemstones are gifted as a mark of the successful completion of 55 years in a marriage! The oldest emeralds recorded are about 2.97 billion years old. It was believed that if this stone was held under the tongue, one could see the future! Interesting! Emeralds also happened to be Cleopatra’s most favourite gemstone. It apparently let’s go of, all negative energies in the body and brings about positive outcomes.
Garnets are hard glassy minerals used as gemstones in jewellery. The origin of the name garnet is derived from the Greek word "granatum" that means "pomegranate seed" because it reflects the shape and colour of the crystals. Garnets are commonly found in a reddish brown colour. They are also found in range of other colours like pink, red, purple, orange, yellow, violet, green, black and brown. They are always considered as gifting options for the 2nd or 6th year of marriage anniversary. Garnets are believed to heal, strengthen and protect inflammations of the skin.
Pearls are the only gemstones that are extracted from living animals. They are a hard, lustrous and spherical mass formed within the shell of a pearl oyster. Colours of pearls range in white and ivory to pink, black, purple and even gold. The oldest pearl jewellery ever discovered was found in the sarcophagus of a Persian Princess who died in 520 BC. Each pearl is unique with distinct characteristics. Pearls have been used all through medical history to help treat disorders of the digestive tract, muscular systems and the skin.
Opals are semi-transparent gemstones that show varying colours against a pale or dark ground. An opal is considered most valuable when it possesses many colours. The colours mainly reflected in this gemstone are orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo and violet. These are considered the best gifts to be presented on the 14th and 18th wedding anniversaries. Interestingly, in 2008, NASA also discovered huge deposits of Opal on Mars. It is also said to provide high spiritual energies and vibrations.
Aquamarine is derived from the Latin words "aqua marina" which literally means "sea water” and so evidently its natural colour is blue. It is usually a gemstone gifted on the 19th year of marriage. The largest aquamarine stone by far was found in Brazil in 1910 that weighed around 243 pounds. Since ancient times, it’s a belief that aquamarine bestows the wearer with foresight and courage.
The word “topaz” is derived from the word “tapas” which means fire in Sanskrit. It occurs in a wide range of colours like red, orange, peach, pink, gold, yellow and brown. In the Middle Ages topaz was considered as a healing stone for both physical and mental disorders while preventing death. It is a stone normally gifted on the 4th and 9th wedding anniversary. One of the most famous topaz gems is a giant specimen set in the Portuguese Crown.
Peridot is usually found among rocks that were created by volcanoes and buried deep underground. It has been accepted and used as a gemstone right from 1500 BC, making it one of the oldest gemstones in the history of mankind. Unlike other gemstones, Peridot comes in one colour - green. There is a wide range of green shades though that peridot exhibits, which include olive green, lime green, yellowish green, and dark green. Peridot is considered a lucky stone as it brings the wearer, good luck success and peace.
The Amethyst is a member of the Quartz family. It is commonly found in the colour purple, and can also be found in a variety of shades of purple like lavender, lilac, and mauve. Amethyst is famous as the wedding anniversary gemstone and is gifted for the 4th and 6th year of marriage. There are legendary stories that state that St. Valentine wore an Amethyst ring and so it is also known as the love stone. It is said that if an amethyst stone is placed between the eyebrows it calms the mind and helps achieving inner peace while enhancing positive energy.
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